In 2009, car import also showed a slump both in relative and absolute terms. Throughout that crisis year, car import was down 83.7%, or 314.7 thousand units. Notwithstanding the fact that in 2010, not only export but import positive dynamics were observed, last year, the volume of car import reached only the level of 2005.
Currently, Ukrainian and Serbian manufacturers carry out the most active expansion into the Russian market as a preferential import procedure is applied towards them.
For many years Chinese automakers had been steadily strengthening their position in the Russian market, pretending to annual increase in the market share. However, such plans were hindered by the crisis, on the one hand, which suspended Chinese expansion and, on the other hand, unprofitable for Chinese automakers customs tariff regulation measures.
In 2010, the Russian bus market increased by 41.1% and reached 54 thousand units.
Throughout the year, sales of Russian brands grew by 24.6%, to 37.5 thousand. Notwithstanding such sales growth, during the year a share of such buses significantly decreased: by 9.4%, to 69.4%. Such weakening of the position was first of all conditioned by significant growth of import of new foreign buses.
The national principle of exhaustion effective in Russia is, of course, acceptable to foreign manufacturers. These rules give good opportunities to foreign companies for control of the Russian market and establishment of favourable prices. At that, a number of experts associate the national principle of exhaustion with Russia’s accession to the WTO.
In June 2011 it developed that the market growth slowed down by the results of the first half of 2011, as compared with the same period of the previous year. That could be caused by several reasons.
First, in January and February 2010, the market was still falling, growth began in spring last year. Thus, comparing sales in the first two months of 2011 and the same period of 2010, we can see a low initial basis of January and February 2010. Accordingly, with such a basis of comparison we obtain quite significant growth.